Respiratory Diseases

Autumn begins, children return to the kindergartens and schools. Here, they spend many hours in low-ventilated areas, among peers, who frequently cough and sneeze. And the respiratory disease marathon begins. Respiratory illnesses are the most common type of illnesses during childhood.

How many times a child may suffer from viral infections per year? When a child should be seen as an often ill child?

It’s normal for school age child to get sick  6-8 times a year (in some cases indicate that up to 10 times), and up to 4-6 per year during school-age. Of course, it is important what are the child’s illnesses. If this is a viral upper respiratory tract infection, you  should not worry. In particular, the disease often affects pre-school children that started to attend kindergarten. The situation improves only after a half or full year. While being sick with these diseases is important not to take too many drugs. It is especially shameful when viral respiratory illnesses are treated with antibiotics. It is ineffective and often harmful to the child’s health. So we always recommend a pediatrician’s consultation.

When should I start worrying about the child’s health, about the increased  amount of his illnesses?

What is more important than the number of respiratory illnesses per year, is the type of the disease from which the child is suffering. You should be alarmed if a child suffers 2-3 times a year from: ear infections, ongoing runny nose, and especially – if he has repeated cases lower respiratory tract diseases (bronchitis, pneumonia, wheezing). In such cases you should be sure to consult a pediatrician. Only a specialist after examining the child during the consultation, may designate an appropriate treatment or advice on how to prevent these diseases.

If the three-year-old child has a very high body temperature when he is sick. Is it dangerous? What do I do?

Fever is a natural symptom for respiratory tract diseases that are associated with infection. This is a normal child’s immune system’s response to the infection. When the body temperature is higher, the body’s immune response is better, more materials that help fight infection are made . The problem is that the nervous system of children under six years of age are is not mature enough and fever over 38C can cause febrile (temperature), convulsions. These seizures are not dangerous, but it is essential that the child should be examined by a doctor, the child must be a subject to some medical research. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that child is not injured during seizures, that he could not harm himself, and that there is sufficient amount of fresh air. If the child has already had a febrile seizure, the next time the disease should be monitored to avoid any temperature above 38C. Also, children, who have suffered birth trauma or are suffering from nervous system diseases, should not be allowed to have a strong fever. If you are timid or have any questions, do not hesitate to immediately consult with the GK Clinics child doctor.

How do you care about febrile children?

When the child is in fever, he should be dressed in lighter clothes, do not cover him with too much warm blankets, choose the ones that let the body radiate heat into the environment. It is also important that the child should get a sufficient amount of fluids – give your child enough fluids. If a child has a very high fever – rub him with a moist towel. Ice cubes wrapped in cheesecloth will also do, rub it in areas with large blood vessels. These measures will quickly reduce the temperature in a few steps. Commonly used medications to reduce the temperature are:  paracetamol and ibuprofen. Forget analgin! The doses of these drugs and the frequency they should be taken will be determined by your child’s pediatrician during a consultation.

 

If you have any questions, please contact our GK Clinic by phone at (5) 255 33 53 and arrange a private consultation.

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